China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC) has commissioned the third unit of the Karachi nuclear power plant (KANUPP) in Pakistan.
CNNC announced Monday that a new 1100 MW nuclear power unit powered by the Hualong One reactor, a China-developed third-generation nuclear reactor, has begun commercial operation in Karachi. The K3 unit of the Karachi Nuclear Power Plant, with a capacity of 1,100 MW, is the world’s fourth nuclear power unit to use the Hualong One reactor.
Hualong One is China’s third-generation nuclear power technology, which is fully protected by intellectual property rights. It is currently one of the most widely accepted third-generation nuclear power reactors on the global market.
CNNC said the K-2 and K-3 units of the Karachi plant, built by China Zhongyuan Engineering Corp, a subsidiary of CNNC, demonstrated the strategic partnership between China and Pakistan by providing stable, green, and low-carbon energy supplies to Pakistan.
The K-2 unit, which went into service in May, is the first overseas nuclear power unit to use Hualong One. Each Hualong One unit generates approximately 9 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity per year, which is enough to power more than 4 million Pakistani households for an entire year.
According to the company, this is equivalent to reducing standard coal consumption by 3.12 million metric tons, lowering carbon dioxide emissions by 8.16 million tons, or planting more than 70 million trees.
The projects’ construction has boosted the development of Pakistan’s economy and relevant Pakistani industries, and it also represents a significant part of Pakistan’s efforts to optimize its energy mix, as well as its global effort to achieve carbon peak and carbon neutrality, and address climate change, according to the statement.
According to experts, China has advanced from a novice to a pioneer in the global nuclear power industry after years of development.
According to Wei Hanyang, a power market analyst at Bloomberg New Energy Finance, China has been shifting away from importing nuclear power technology in recent years in favor of accelerating domestic adoption, which will allow Hualong One to be exported to more countries.
“The construction of the Karachi Nuclear Power Plant has witnessed the ever-deepening of China-Pakistan strategic cooperation, serving as a model for global nuclear cooperation,” said Gu Jun, CNNC’s general manager.
According to Gu, the project has aided Pakistan’s nuclear industry while also playing an important role in improving local livelihoods and green energy transition.