How did the Ukraine-Russia crisis started that has resulted in lost of thousands of lives and the displacement of 10 million people inside Ukraine and beyond?
The conflict episode between Russia and Ukraine started in Feb 24, 2014 following the Ukrainian day of dignity when an unmarked Pro-Russian separatist forces attacked the internationally recognized part of Ukraine – Crimea and Donbas. Russia soon annexed these territories as her part. The initial focus of the conflict was status of Crimea and Donbas. This event sparked the beginning of the conflict.
Since Feb 2014 the relation between Russia and Ukraine remained notably hostile. Russia took advantage of political turmoil which toppled the president of Ukraine, Viktor Yanukovych, because of not supporting political association and free-trade agreement with the EU which majority support in Ukrainian parliament.
Meanwhile Russia build up military control over Crimea, the southern part of Ukraine. Ukrainian post revolution government plan the country to a future both within EU and NATO rather than to opt the policy of continuing the delicate diplomatic games of balancing economic and security interests.
After several years in 2019, changes were made in the constitution of Ukraine which enshrined the irreversible policies towards EU and NATO memberships. Keeping in view all these scenarios, Russia build up more military installations on the borders of Ukraine but this time it countered their bilateral relations.
Due to this conflict there is an estimated figure of 13,500 lives being lost. In the midst of all this, the United States warned Russia with dire consequences in-case of invading Ukraine. United Nation (UN) also urges Russia that its time to stop the war which has no winning position at the end. China has also stepped back in sending weapons and troops to Moscow. However, Russia has now so far occupied 7% of Ukrainian territory including Donetsk and Luhansk, a southern part of Ukraine, with the help of its pro-separatist forces.