The federal government has released the Pakistan Economic Survey (PES) 2021-22, which details how the country’s economy performed during the current fiscal year, which ends on June 30, 2022. Khyber Pukhtunkhwa (KPK) leads in the overall literacy rate 55.1% which is the highest in 2020-2021.
Education Completion Rate
According to PES 2021-22, the primary education completion rate was 67 percent, the lower education completion rate was 47 percent, and the upper secondary education completion rate was 23 percent. This suggests that a larger percentage of children have finished primary school.
Adult literacy parity was 0.71, youth literacy parity was 0.82, primary literacy parity was 0.88, and secondary literacy parity was 0.89.
Pre-Primary Education is a type of education that takes place before entering primary school 19% of children participated in organized learning one year before reaching the formal age of primary school enrolment. Regrettably, this figure suggests that pre-primary education is undervalued.
In each age group, at least 60% of the population reached a specified level of competency in functional, literacy, and numeracy abilities.
The literacy rate is at a high level
In FY2020-21, the literacy rate was 62.8 percent, up from 62.4 percent in FY2018-19.
According to a gender split, male literacy improved to 73.4 percent in FY2020-21 from 73 percent in FY2018-19. Female literacy grew marginally from 51.5 percent in FY 2018-19 to 51.9 percent in FY 2020-21.
Literacy rates have risen in both rural and urban areas, according to a district-by-district review. The literacy rate in rural regions increased from 53.7 percent in FY2018-19 to 54 percent in FY2020-21. The literacy rate in urban areas increased from 76.1 percent in FY 2018-19 to 77.3 percent in FY 2020-21.
According to a province-by-province analysis, literacy rates have increased in all provinces.
Punjab’s literacy rate increased from 66.1 percent in the 2018-2019 fiscal year to 66.3 percent in the 2020-21 fiscal year.
Sindh’s literacy rate increased from 61.6 percent in the 2018-2019 fiscal year to 61.8 percent in the 2020-21 fiscal year.
KP’s literacy rate increased from 52.4 percent to 55.1 percent in FY2020-21, up from 52.4 percent in FY2018-2019.
The literacy rate in Balochistan increased from 53.9 percent in FY2018-2019 to 54.5 percent in FY2020-21.
Initiatives to Improve Educational Quality
In FY 2021-22, the federal and provincial governments launched a number of efforts to improve educational quality in compliance with Goal 4 of the UN Sustainable Development Goals.
These are the projects:
- Building new schools to expand educational opportunities
- Existing schools are undergoing renovations.
- Improving the learning environment by providing essential educational amenities.
- The digitisation of educational institutions is underway.
- Increasing the resiliency of educational institutions in the face of unforeseen occurrences.
- Increasing teacher ability and promoting distance learning.
- Improving teacher hiring, particularly science teacher hiring, to address concerns about science education
The Performance of Key Educational Indicators Has Improved
On the basis of major indicators such as enrolments, number of institutions, and teachers, the general education situation has substantially improved.
In FY2019-20, the total number of enrolments was 55.7 million. It was $53.1 million in FY2018-19. The number of pupils enrolling in educational institutions has increased by 4.9 percent.
Institutions In FY2019-20, the total number of institutions was 277,500. It was 271,800 in FY2018-19. The number of educational institutions has increased by 2.1 percent.
In fiscal year 2019-20, there were 1.83 million instructors. It was 1.79 million in FY2018-19, rising 2.23 percent from the previous year.