Intra-city transport system in Pakistan is finally catching up with the best public transport systems around the world with the start of rapid transit projects in Peshawar, Lahore, Islamabad and now Karachi.
It is commonly known that greenhouse gas emissions have negative effects on the environment, respiratory illnesses, and global warming. Increased levels of these dangerous pollutants are caused by a variety of factors, such as the removal of trees, the burning of fossil fuels, and emissions from automobiles and industries.
Driving personal cars specifically, which is a factor that is sometimes disregarded but has a greater impact on greenhouse gas emissions, is personal mobility. Residents of densely populated cities experience the effects of car pollution. And with the middle class expanding quickly and technology moving at a dizzying rate, car ownership is expected to soar. This implies that the cosmos will be more contaminated than ever. The use of public transit is the only way to stop this trend.
Bus rapid transit (BRT) is a well-liked way for governments to invest in public infrastructure, especially in developing nations with limited capital. Given that the majority of these systems have only recently become operational, enthusiastic evaluations of BRT systems globally may be premature.
Additionally, it is clear from the literature that there has been minimal user-focused study on BRT systems. The latter is problematic because one argument in favor of government funding for BRT is the social advantage these systems provide for populations that often lack access to private transportation. Two series of multiple logistic regression models are fitted in order to investigate the ostensible social advantages of a BRT system.
Lahore Metro Bus
In Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan, there is a bus rapid transit system called the Lahore Metrobus. The local bus service of Lahore Transport Company is connected with the Lahore Metrobus service to form a single urban transportation network that offers smooth transit service throughout the Lahore District and connections to nearby suburban communities.
The first phase of the Lahore Metrobus, which ran from Gajumata to Shahadra, opened on February 11, 2013, according to plan. Shahbaz Sharif, the chief minister of Punjab, and Bekir Bozda, the deputy prime minister of Turkey, participated in a ceremony to officially inaugurate the 27 kilometer length. The conversion of the remaining stages to light rail has been proposed, hence the second and third stages have been put on hold.
In Lahore, only 19.5% of households have access to cars. 44.8 percent more people have access to motorcycles. In Lahore, walking alone accounts for 40% of trips. In comparison to other major developing Asian cities, mobility is incredibly low, particularly for women who make one-fourth as many trips as men (JICA study). Public transportation with female sections, like the Green Line currently in existence, will literally set women free.
Metro Bus System (MBS) in Lahore benefits its users is made easier with the aid of the rider and commuter data sources, respectively. In this regard, descriptive findings indicate that women are less representative of users and commuters, although inferential findings indicate that women are more likely to travel by MBS.
In addition, use patterns demonstrate that females utilize public transportation more frequently and profit considerably from the fare subsidy. Last but not least, attempts to fully connect the MBS with the larger Lahore public transit network would help to reduce the financial and time expenditures.
Every time a car driver leaves their house, they are using public roads that have been paid for by the general public.
The TransPeshawar or Zu Peshawar BRT system is divided into two sections: the first is a 32 stop east-west corridor with a dedicated bus lane, and the second is a network of feeder routes where buses can enter and exit the system to travel on city streets. The system, which is Pakistan’s fourth BRT system, was launched on August 13, 2020.
Comparing all BRT systems in Pakistan, the Peshawar BRT has the most passengers and the lowest subsidy per passenger. Additionally, this technology maximizes its beneficial effects by lowering carbon emissions by 31,000 tons annually. The BRT standard technical committee has given the Peshawar Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) the “Gold Standard” designation in recognition of its high standards and use of best practices from throughout the world.
According to the Asian Development Bank (ADB), Peshawar, Pakistan, is now “officially the first city in the subcontinent, third in Asia, and 11th city internationally to obtain the Gold Standard,” after Zu Peshawar, the BRT system’s operator, received the international Gold Standard designation.
The BRT system in Peshawar, Pakistan, has 220 electric-hybrid buses (158 of which are already in service), 30 stations, and is spread out over a 27-km corridor through the roughly 2-million-person metropolis. All city inhabitants, especially women, now have easier access to the city thanks to the dedicated bus lanes that have lessened traffic congestion.
Since it opened in August 2020, more than 8 million people have commuted via Zu Peshawar. After the remaining 40% of the bus fleet is in use, it is anticipated that more over 300,000 people would use the system every day.
People’s Bus Service (Karachi)
The intra-district Peoples Bus Service initiative for Karachi was launched on Monday by Foreign Minister and PPP Chairman Bilawal Bhutto-Zardari, with a Rs50 ticket price cap.
Around 240 air-conditioned buses that were purchased from China will be used on seven routes throughout the city as part of the project. The Peoples Bus Service initiative of the Sindh government is a distinct undertaking from the BRT line system.
Syed Murad Ali Shah, the chief minister of Sindh, Sharjeel Inam Memon, the administrator of Karachi, Murtaza Wahab, and Saeed Ghani, the minister of labor, were also present when the foreign minister unveiled the plaque to launch the service at Fatima Jinnah Road. The foreign minister had a tour of the bus as well to check over its amenities and services.
The much-anticipated project’s opening coincides with Karachi’s second round of municipal elections, which are rapidly approaching. Many feel the PPP-led Sindh government is luring city residents with the announcement of important public projects before the crucial election process.
According to a statement released on Sunday, the bus service would start running on Route 1 from Model Colony to Tower, a 29.5-kilometer route with 38 stations. The remaining six routes are as follows: 32.9 kilometers from North Karachi to Indus Hospital (Korangi); 33 kilometers from Nagan Chowrangi to Singer Chowrangi (Korangi Industrial Area); 30.4 kilometers from North Karachi to the Dockyard; 28.2 kilometers from Surjani Town to PAF Masroor; 29 kilometers from Gulshan-i-Bihar (Orangi Town) to Singer Chowrangi; and 28.9 kilometers from Mosamiyat
Benefits of all these rapid transit services
Locally available public transportation enables larger groups of people to travel together following predetermined itineraries. Buses, trains, and trams are common examples of public transit modes. Public transit between cities is dominated by high-speed trains, aircraft, and coaches.
The majority of public transportation services follow set schedules. Some transportation systems run at maximum capacity, which means that a vehicle won’t start until it is completely filled. When time is of the essence, though, several cities throughout the world offer shared cabs.