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Monday, October 3, 2022

Panic spreads as Sindh, Punjab barrages suffer water shortage and Tarbela, Mangla reach dead level

The country’s water crisis has surpassed a 22-year record, with provinces experiencing a 50 percent water scarcity and reservoirs experiencing a 97 percent water shortage.

Low temperatures in the northern regions have caused 56 percent less water to enter the rivers, according to the Indus River System Authority (IRSA). IRSA data also shows that Tarbela Dam has been dry for the past one and a half months, while Mangla Dam has nearly no water.

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The overall flow of water in the rivers is 125,000 cusecs, according to the IRSA study, whereas the overall flow of water in the same rivers was 284,000 cusecs last year.

The dams presently hold 100,000 acre-feet of water, which is a shortage of 3.5 million acre-feet from last year.

The provinces’ water supply has been cut in half due to water constraint. Punjab and Sindh are currently receiving about 60,000 cusecs of water each, despite demands of 120,000 and 130,000 cusecs, respectively.

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Balochistan receives 15,000 cubic meters of water, whereas Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) receives only 3,000 cubic meters.

The Chenab and Jhelum rivers are the most affected by water scarcity. The Mangla Dam will be unable to fill even half due to a paucity of water in the Jhelum River. Even during the winter, the Mangla Dam is expected to experience a severe water shortage.

Extremely high temperatures in northern sections during the winter and a later start to summer, according to the report, produce reduced glacier melt.

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The northern regions of the country hit 31 degrees Celsius in June of last year, while it is presently only 21 degrees Celsius. According to the IRSA, the current water situation is alarming.

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