The waves of feminism, and why people keep fighting over them


Feminism is the set of movements which is used to establish and defend the rights of women. These rights include equal political economic and social right along with equal opportunity to have liberty and property rights.

History of feminism

The founder of feminist movement is considered Mary Wollstonecraft. In 1792, she wrote a book title “A vindication of the rights of woman” in her book she talked about women’s rights generally and of education in particular.

After so long in France in 1837, the word feminism was derived from french word “feminisme” and reached to the Great Britain in 1890s and to United States of America in 1910.  Further we classify feminism in four waves.

Pakistan Supreme Court welcomes Ayesha Malik as the first female judge

1st wave:

This wave started after French Revolution, Temperance movement and abolitionist movement. When a strong group of people came together, they can bring revolutions. With this mindset women of the West started the demand of voting rights which were on the peak in 19th and the earlier 20th century particularly in the Western World.

Women were considered passive citizens at that time. Voting rights were given to those men who were having some privileges over the others in education property and business.  So with the demand of suffrage they were indirectly demanding for rights of property education and business.

2nd wave:

The first wave then started falling and lapsed till the second wave arrived. In the second wave, the liberation movement got started in 1960s. In this wave demands of the women of the west diversified and they drew the attention to the issues of domestic violence, marital rape legal and social equality for women.

3rd wave:

Third wave is for individuality and diversity. This wave emerged in the mid of 1990s and led by so called Generation Xers who were born in developed world. When the media was saturated and economically diversed.

Ayesha Gul from Swabi, appointed first female AIG Gender Equality in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Police

4th wave:

Started around in 2012 with #metoo movement. Its major platform is social media to combat sexual harassment and violence against woman and rape culture. It also focuses on the empowerment of woman and gender equality and marginalization of women in the society.

Many victims came up with her own story and uploaded it on social media. This metoo movement started by an American activist named Tarana Burke. This movement was to help other women with similar experiences. It became viral when Allyssa Melano tweet about the Harvey Weinstein sexual abuse and many stories come to the forth on Twitter with hashtag metoo.

The early waves of feminism were limited to either west or other European countries. But the fourth wave has anchored its roots in the developing countries too. 8th March was declared an International Women Day.

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